Abt 1763 - Yes, date unknown
||Frederick MEREDITH |
||26 Jan 1788
||Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia
|Arrived on board Scarborough, a 'First Fleeter'. |
|On board Waaksamheild |
|On board Bellona (with Anne Case |
||Yes, date unknown
- Frederick Meredith bornc.1763 Denham, England, married 1811Sarah Mason St Phillip’s Sydney(V18111177 3A), died 1833 Bankstown(V1833789 20) parents Unknown. Mostauthorities show death as 23 Jun 1836 aged 73. Buried St Luke’s, occupationconstable in colonial police force.
Frederick Meredith (Snr) was a very colourful character. He first arrived as a seaman 26thJan 1788 aboard Scarborough , a “First Fleeter”. 1828 Census incorrectly records his arrivalas a convict under sentence of 7 years. He was a Protestant). He co-habited with Mary Allen (one daughter Charlotte1790), left for England 1791 aboard Waaksamheild, returned 1793 aboard Bellona, had a child by AnneCase who also arrived Bellona (onedaughter Amelia 1793), co-habited with Mary Kirk (one daughter Charlotte1794), he then married Sarah Mason as above(six children, Frederick 1801, Sophia1803, Elizabeth 1805, William 1807, Ann 1811, Eleanor 1813. After the death of Sarah he married 19 Feb1833 May Ann Day (children – none)
Note from BE: Frederick appears to have arrived on the Sirius, having transferred from the Scarborough (see below)
Frederick Meredith first came to NSW in the First Fleet as a steward on the
Scarborough. In February 1788 he was charged with giving a bottle of rum to
a convict named James Stow. Meredith had given Stow beef and bread as well
as the rum in exchange for a 'curious beast' a possum. Such exchanges were
against government orders, and although Meredith had his master's
permission, he was sentenced to receive one hundred lashes, on his bare
back, with a cat of nine tails, in the middle of the convicts camp. Governor
Phillip reduced the sentence to 50 lashes in response, said surgeon Arthur
Bowes Smyth, to appeals from 'several gentlemen' who respected Meredith and
who believed the punishment too harsh for the crime.
In May 1788 Meredith transferred from the Scarborough to the Sirius as an
able seaman, the muster books of the Sirius describing him as a 23 year old
baker from Denham. The Sirius crew had been given use of an island in the
harbour to cultivate vegetables. Frederick Meredith carved his initials and
the year 1799 on one of the rocks on this Garden Island. Another set of
initials, WB, might be those of fellow Sirius crew member and later Bellona
settler, Walter Brody.
Meredith was on the Sirius when it sailed from Sydney in October 1788 for
the Cape of Good Hope in search of food for the starving colony. They
returned to Sydney in May 1789. Meredith next went to Norfolk Island with
the ship in March 1790 but it was wrecked a few days after arrival there and
he returned to Sydney on the Supply.
In Sydney he was given the care of 25 sheep and lambs, the property of
commissary John Palmer. A daughter, Charlotte, by convict Mary Allen was
baptised in May 1790 and in August Frederick and Mary gave evidence before
the Court of Criminal Jurisdiction in the trial of Hugh Low, charged with
stealing one of the lambs. Low was sentenced to death and executed the next
day. Judge-Advocate David Collins noted that no leniency could be extended
because 'the preservation of out stock was an object of so much consequence
to the colony'.
Frederick Meredith and others from the crew of the Sirius including Thomas
Webb, returned to England in March 1791 on the Waaksamheild, reaching
Portsmouth on 22 April 1792. Three months later he embarked on the Bellona
as a settler. He described himself as a baker and was 28 years old and in
good health. Unknown to him, his daughter Charlotte had died in May 1792
and Mary Allen was living with another convict, Edward Pales.
A daughter Amelia, by Bellona convict Ann Case was born in Sydney in May
1793. The affair with Ann was brief and by the time Amelia died early in
1794 Frederick Meredith had formed a liaison with Mary Kirk, transported on
the Royal Admiral in 1792. Their daughter Charlotte was born in April 1794.
Frederick had been granted 60 acres of land at Liberty Plains along with the
other Bellona settlers. He called his grant Charlotte Farm. A second grant
of 60 acres at Concord in November 1794 as called Charlotte Field. Meredith
sold this land to John Colethread or Coulthread in 1798 for 87 pounds and
sold Charlotte farm to Thomas Rose. In September 1800 be joined the Loyal
Sydney Association, an armed body formed to guard against the possibility of
insurrection by seditious Irish convicts.
In December 1800 Mary Kirk married Robert Inch, master of the colonial
sloop- Charlotte. By that time Frederick Meredith was living in Sydney with
Sarah Mason, another of the Bellona convicts. Their son Frederick was born
in Sydney in March 1801. Three more children followed before Frederick and
Sarah married in Feb 1811. These were Sophia in 1803, Elizabeth in 1811
and Eleanor in 1813. Frederick had long since resumed his trade as Baker
He had a bakehouse in Chapel Row in March 1809 when Mary Inch died in a
shipping incident. Robert Inch had himself perished in the Charlotte in Sept
1808 when the ship, carrying a load of grain from the Hawkesbury, was caught
in a squall between Broken Bay and North Head.
Frederick , in 1830 had moved to Liverpool and was appointed a constable in
1822 and also later held the positions of district constable and chief
constable. In Feb 1833 he married window Mary Ann Day at St Lukes.
Frederick died on his harm on 323 June 1836 and was buried at St Lukes,
Liverpool. Source: Lesley Uebel http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/AUS-PT-JACKSON-CONVICTS/2001-06/0992431190
||1. Essex Ennevers
||11 Mar 2011 |
|Family (spouse) 4
||Sarah MASON, Born: Abt 1765, Died: 30 Jul 1832 (Age ~ 67 years) |
||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
| ||1. Frederick MEREDITH, Born: 17 Mar 1801, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia , Died: 1858, Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia (Age 56 years)|
| ||2. Sophia MEREDITH, Born: 1803, Died: Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Elizabeth MEREDITH, Born: 1805, Died: Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. William MEREDITH, Born: 1807, Died: Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Ann MEREDITH, Born: 1811, Died: Yes, date unknown|
| ||6. Eleanor MEREDITH, Born: 1813, Died: Yes, date unknown|
||Family Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Australia's 'First Fleeters'|
Between 1787 and 1850 the English sent more than 160,000 convicts to Australia. The first eleven of the transport ships are known today as the 'First Fleet' and contained the convicts and marines who are now acknowledged as the founders of Australia.