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Ennever & Enever family history & ancestry. Click here to return to the home page WJ Ennever (1869-1947). From the portrait by J Seymour R.A., exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Nathaniel LUCAS

Nathaniel LUCAS

Male 1764 - 1818  (54 years)

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  • Name Nathaniel LUCAS 
    Born 1764  Leatherhead, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Criminal 7 Jul 1784  Old Bailey, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Lucas was born in Leatherhead, Surrey, England, to parents John Lucas & Mary Bradford in 1764. Lucas was tried at the Old Bailey, London on 7 July 1784 for feloniously stealing clothing with a value of 40 shillings. Lucas was sentenced to transportation for seven years and left England on the Scarborough in May 1787.

      Nathaniel Lucas born1764 England,  arrived a convict 26 Jan1788 (“First Fleeter”)Scarborough,  married 1788Olivia  Gascoigne Norfolk Island,  died 28 Apl 1818 Liverpool (drowning)

      Old Bailey proceedings

      719.    NATHANIEL LUCUS was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 6th of July , one cotton apron, value 4 s. one towel, value 2 d. six muslin aprons, value 12 s. nine muslin handkerchiefs, value 18 s. three muslin caps, value 3 s. a muslin shawl, value 5 s. the property of   Mary Davis , spinster .
        MARY DAVIS sworn.
      I am a single woman, I live in  Red-lion street, Holborn , with my father; on Tuesday last I lost the things mentioned in the indictment from my father's house, I went out about five in the evening, I went to the drawer in the garret for an apron, and the drawer was full as usual, the casement was left open by neglect, when I returned about eleven I went to put the same apron back, and the drawer was forced open and all the things gone, they were all in this drawer but the cotton apron and old towel, I am sure I left it locked.
      Court. Can you speak with precision to these identical things? - I am sure I missed them all, as soon as I found I was robbed my father went to the next door, and I immediately recollected the things I had lost, and upon that recollection I now speak (The things produced and deposed to) all the handkerchiefs are marked except one that is worked by my sister, I am sure it is mine, and this shawl my sister worked, the cotton apron I marked, and one of the muslin ones, the others are worked ones, I know them particularly, the towel is not marked, I cannot speak so positively to that as the rest, I know nothing of the prisoner.
        JOHN DAVIS sworn.
      I am a painter, I suspected the prisoner, who lodged at the next door, at a public house, I got a constable and beadle, and went up into the prisoner's room along with the publican, the prisoner was in bed, we looked about the room and could see nothing, and we at last made him get up, and between the sacking and the feather bed there was this cotton apron, and the towel, I found nothing else in that room, and in the adjoining room, the door of which was latched not locked, and which was an empty room, we found all the rest of the things doubled up in a feather bed, I knew the shawl particularly, because I   drew the pattern for my daughter to work it; I took the prisoner next day to the Justice, the things have been in my possession ever since.
      Court. Is there a possibility of getting out of one garret window into another? - By going along the parapet wall it is very easy, the parapet is even.
      Could a man get in at that casement? - Very easy.
        WALTER CARWARDINE sworn.
      I keep a public house in Red-lion-street, I have more lodgers besides the prisoner, and upon the same floor, I have an infirm old lady in the back room about eighty.
      Court. Have you any other lodgers in the house? - Yes, in the two pair of stairs; I went up with Mr. Davis, he came in and asked me what lodgers I had; I said all were good but one that I did not know, that my wife took in.
      Is this old lady very active? - No, Sir, she goes double, she is three-quarters of an hour going from the top of the house to the bottom.
      Did the prisoner say any thing about the things? - He said he did not know any thing of any of the things; them are the things we found which are produced.
      Prisoner. Why did not he like me?
      Court. That is not evidence, unless you chuse to have it so, unless you chuse to put the question.

      See original Prisoner. I chuse to put the question? - Because he had no box nor any thing there, and I did not go after his character, and he seemed rather a surly kind of a man.
      Prisoner. Because I did not go to his house to get drunk, I always went to bed by nine o'clock, he did not like me for that, and his wife asked me for the money before it was due, and I was rather surly to her.
        JOHN FREEMAN sworn.
      It was my night to sit up at the watch-house, I went up stairs with Mr. Davis; Mr. Davis looked upon the wall to see if he could see any marks of foot-steps, but we did not, it was very dry weather; I made the man get up up, and between the sacking and the bed there was this apron and towel, and I found the other things in the empty room, as they have been described; the prisoner said he knew nothing of them, but his countenance changed very much; he was not in bed though he pretended to be.
      Was he or not asleep? - He pretended to be asleep, but it is a thing impossible for him to be asleep, because there was so much noise in the room.
      How long was it before you awoke him? - About five minutes.
      Did he appear to be in sleep during that time? - Yes, we took him to the watch-house.
      Court to Miss Davis. Are you sure the cotton apron is your's? - Yes, my Lord, it is marked.
      I am very innocent, another person is as likely to go into the room where I slept as I was myself, the room was always open; there was one man slept with me at times.
      Court to Mr. Davis. When you went up, did you find his room locked? - No, the door was open.
      Court to the Publican. What time did he go to bed? - About nine, I did not see him after.
      Court to Prisoner. Have you any witnesses? - No.
      What are you? - A joiner and carpenter .
      Have not you a master to speak for you? - My master said he would come to speak for me at the Justices unknown to me, this gentlemen here heard what character he gave me; there was a man slept with me at times.
      Mr. Carwardine. The man had not slept with him for two nights, and nobody was in bed in the room but the prisoner when I went up.
      GUILTY .
      Tansported for seven years .
      Tried by the London Jury before Mr. ROSE.
    Nathaniel Lucus
    Nathaniel Lucus
    Old Bailey proceedings
    Nathaniel Lucus
    Nathaniel Lucus
    Old Bailey proceedings
    (also known as)
    7 Jul 1784 
    Nathaniel Lucus 
    Emigration 26 Jan 1788  Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 1818 
    • Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser. Dated 9 May 1818.
      On Tuesday last the dead body of Mr Nathaniel Lucas. for many years known in this colony and at Norfolk. Island as a respectable builder, was found left by the tide. at twenty yards distance from Moore Bridge. Liverpool; which unhappy catastrophe appears to have proceeded from' his own act. owing to a mental derangement. He had been six days absent from his family at Liverpool. on a pretext of going to Parramatta: but his long absence. connected with other circumstances that gave rise to apprehension, naturally Induced his sons to go in quest of him: the result of which was, that he was by one of his own sons found.
    Person ID I22356  1. Essex Ennevers
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2011 

    Family (spouse) Olivia GASCOIGNE,   Born:  Abt 1764, Droitwich, Worcestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  1830, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married 5 Nov 1791  Norfolk Island Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. James LUCAS,   Born:  1798, Norfolk Island Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F6958  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1764 - Leatherhead, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCriminal - 7 Jul 1784 - Old Bailey, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - 26 Jan 1788 - Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 5 Nov 1791 - Norfolk Island Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Family histories
    Australia's 'First Fleeters'
    Australia's 'First Fleeters'
    Between 1787 and 1850 the English sent more than 160,000 convicts to Australia. The first eleven of the transport ships are known today as the 'First Fleet' and contained the convicts and marines who are now acknowledged as the founders of Australia.

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