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Ennever & Enever family history & ancestry. Click here to return to the home page WJ Ennever (1869-1947). From the portrait by J Seymour R.A., exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Stephen Oldacres LAWSON

Stephen Oldacres LAWSON

Male 1880 - 1922  (42 years)

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  • Name Stephen Oldacres LAWSON 
    Born 8 Jun 1880  Brixton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 13 Oct 1880  Parish Church, St Matthew, Brixton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Living 13 Oct 1880  'Fairlight', The Avenue, Brixton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Name
    (also known as)
    13 Oct 1880 
    Stephen Oldacre Lawson 
    Census 1 Apr 1881  8 The Avenue, Acre Lane, Lambeth, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1891 
    Scholar 
    Census 1 Apr 1891  36 Gower Street, St Giles, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1901 
    Singer 
    Census 1 Apr 1901  8 The Avenue, Lambeth, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Emigration 1903  Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Living 27 Mar 1916  Macleod, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Military From 27 Mar 1916 to 1922  Macleod, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force 
    • Our records show that 552945 Sgt Stephen Oldacres Lawson joined the 13th Canadian Mounted Rifles on 27 March, 1916.
      He was born in Brixton, England on June 8th 1880.
      He was married to Maggie Rae Lawson and
      lived in Macleod, Alberta at the time of his enlistment.
      - He later lists his address as 24 Daelon Ave, Fernie B.C.
      - He lists his trade as Chief Constable, with no previous military service.

      He transferred to the Fort Garry Horse in France on 29 October 1917.

      He was wounded in the action at Rifle Wood on 1 April 1918.

      He won the Military Medal for his actions in October 1918.
      The citation appears below:

      MILITARY MEDAL Sgt. Stephen Oldacres Lawson
      On 9 October 1918, in the attack on BOIS-DU- MONT-AUX-VILLE WOOD, Sgt Lawson showed great courage killing several of the enemy, also capturing 17 prisoners with a small patrol which he rallied after the charge. Throughout, this NCO showed splendid courage and devotion to duty.

      The photograph on the websites
      http://www.albertasource.ca/lawcases/criminal/emperorpic/people_lawson.htm and
      http://www.cannabisculture.com/articles/4226.html
      shows him wearing the ribbon of the MM, the British War Medal and Allied Forces Victory Medal.

      As such, he would have the post-nominals MM behind his name on all official correspondence.

      Here is a description of the overall action in which he won his award.


      On October the 9th, the Brigade went into action from MARETZ across the historic fields where the old Imperial Cavalry regiments fought so bravely in 1914. They were to win the high ground north of the famous town of LE CHATEAU, and by night they had gained a footing in LE CHATEAU itself and in MONTAY and NEUVILLY-INCHY.

      The Fort Garry Horse left bivouac at NAUROY before daylight and moved up in the heavy mist of early morning to near SERAIN. Here instructions were issued. The Fort Garry Horse were ordered to move along north of ROMAN ROAD and seize the high ground north of LE CHATEAU. Lord Strathcona's Horse was to move forward at the same time on the left and act as left flank guard. The Garrys moved forward with "A" Squadron acting as advanced guard and passed through the infantry line directly north-east of MARETZ at about 8:30 am.

      On moving forward, it was found that the BOIS DE GATTIGNY was strongly held by enemy machine-guns. Major Benson's battery of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery was ordered into action immediately west of LA L'EPINETTE and shelled the wood. Lieut. Dunwoody, with 3rd troop "B" Squadron, was ordered to ride for some machine guns in a wood on the right flank and close to the ROMAN ROAD. A splendid charge was made under heavy machine-gun fire and, although Lieut. Dunwoody and most of his troop became casualties, they succeeded in driving the enemy away and captured a number of machine-guns. A number of the enemy were killed at the sabre point.

      In the meantime, Major Middlemast, with "A" Squadron, pushed forward around the left of GATTIGNY WOOD. The squadron rode right around to the rear of the wood and charged, killing a great number of the enemy with sword, and capturing about 200 prisoners. The majority of these prisoners were turned over to the infantry, except those sent back with wounded men and horses. The Squadron then pushed on to the east edge of MONT-AUX-VILLES WOOD, the infantry having in the meantime come up and joined the advance. On approaching the east edge of the wood, the enemy could be seen leaving BERTRY in large numbers, and Major Middlemast immediately sent a patrol forward to the south edge of BERTRY capturing a number of prisoners and a machine-gun.

      It was now afternoon, and "A" Squadron, being scattered in pursuit, with its leader, Major Middlemast, and many of the men casualties, "B" Squadron was ordered forward. This Squadron, which now consisted of only two troops, Lieut. Dunwoody's troop being out of action, made its first bound the railway cutting, while "A" Squadron rallied behind and came into reserve. Moving forward again, "B" Squadron rode in and captured the village of MAUROIS by one o'clock. The enemy were driven out of the east edge of the village and a German staff car, recently deserted, was captured.

      The enemy now made a stand at the western edge of REUMONT, and "C" Squadron, under Major Mills, was ordered to swing around to the north and encircle the village. On advancing north of REUMONT, they came under heavy fire from machine-guns located at the south edge of TROISVILLES and from a battery of enemy field guns. The advanced troop, with Lieut. Haig in command, swung to the north and charged the enemy, capturing 42 prisoners and 6 machine-guns. The Squadron remained under heavy fire, however, and was forced to take shelter in a sunken road north-west of REUMONT.

      In the meantime, "B" Squadron had pushed forward along the ROMAN ROAD to the cemetery immediately north-west of REUMONT, and bringing their Hotchkiss guns into action, engaged the enemy who were in the west edge of REUMONT, while patrols were pushed forward to the north edge of the village.

      The Regiment now brought its four Vickers machine-guns into action west of the village, and firing over the village, they laid down a curtain of fire at its extreme east edge. At the same time, Major Benson's battery shelled the enemy south of TROISVILLES. When the battery ceased firing, "C" Squadron pushed a patrol forward to the high ground north-east of REUMONT, and it was found that the enemy had retired in a south easterly direction to the valley of LE CATEAU. At the same time, about 4:30 pm, the LSH took TROISVILLES.

      "B" and "C" Squadrons were now collected and, on orders from the Brigadier, moved forward to the final objective just at dusk. "B" Squadron, in advance, stationed itself on the high ground overlooking LE CATEAU, near FOUR VALLEYS BRIDGE. "C" Squadron was halted about a thousand yards in rear, and "A" Squadron was brought into Brigade reserve at REUMONT. Lord Strathcona's Horse occupied the high ground overlooking NEUVILLY, and the Royal Canadian Dragoons, less one squadron, also held in Brigade reserve, were pushed up to fill the gap between the two leading regiments.

      The enemy still held the ground south of the ROMAN ROAD and during the night, there was heavy machine gun fire from south-west of LE CATEAU, and the whole area was under shell fire from an enemy battery in position on the east side of LA SELLE river. One high explosive shell burst near Regimental Headquarters, killing three and wounding eight men and killing eight horses.

      During the night, one "B" Squadron patrol entered the outskirts of LE CATEAU, while another succeeded in making contact with the RCDs on the left. "C" Squadron covered the area, south and west of its position, with patrols.

      At about 6:00 am, the forward positions were relieved by the 7th Cavalry Brigade and the Regiment collected in the valley between REUMONT and TROISVILLES. At daylight, they were ordered back, and marched to MONTIGNY where they bivouacked.

      Total casualties to The Fort Garry Horse were 16 killed and 40 wounded. The wounded included Major Middlemast, Major Mills, Lieut. Black and Lieut. Dunwoody. 116 horses were killed or wounded.

      For leading his gallant charge, Lieut. Dunwoody received the Distinguished Service Order, as did Major Middlemast,
      while Lieut. Colonel Stevenson was awarded a bar to the DSO.
      Lieuts. C.E. Stevens and T. John were both awarded the Military Cross.
      Sergeant A. McAlister,
      Corporal R. Nelson, Lance Corporal A. Fraser and
      Privates P.C. Read and J.L. Lawrence received the Distinguished Conduct Medal.

      Eleven members of the Regiment were awarded the Military Medal for outstanding service during the action, their names were:
      Sergeant C.M. Johnston; Sergeant C.R. Keene, DCM; Sergeant S.O. Lawson;
      Corporal R.C. Comber; Corporal E. Hodgkinson; Corporal C.H. Mayo;
      and Privates L. Newton; J.G. Anderson; G.R. Bond; A.T. Stone and R.E. Lawrence.
      The medal ribbons were presented by the Commander of the Cavalry Corps at ETRICOURT on the 20th of October.


      The regimental Part 2 Orders have the following entries on Stephen Lawson.


      Having arrived in France as reinforcement from England 17-10-29 are TOS. (Authy Nom Roll d/17-10-29, OC Can Gen Base Depot, Ref R & R 352)
      14962 Pte Bennett, RT
      19489 Pte Binns, J
      2147358 Pte Franklin, AV
      115698 Pte Goodridge, CW
      551906 Pte Hughes, AET
      552801 Pte Jackson, H
      552945 Pte Lawson, SL

      CASUALTIES

      The NCO's shown below were wounded at duty on the dates shown opposite their names. (Authy OC FGH AFB 213 d/18-04-03)
      117057 Pte Brown, GD 18-04-02
      14603 SQMS Gibbs, GS 18-04-02
      552945 Pte Lawson, SO 18-04-01
      476299 Sgt Deakin, H 18-04-01
      2147419 Pte Harding, G 18-03-30
      552939 Pte McComber, L 18-03-30
      & nbsp; 117641 Pte Yockney, JC 18-03-30
      15306 Pte Tillotson, 18-03-30
      15090 Pte Peacock, JR 18-03-25
      476352 SSM Square, HS &nbs p; 18-03-25

      Wounded at duty 18-03-30. (Authy OC FGH AFB 213 d/18-04-03)
      115027 L/Cpl Horton, TH
      114083 Pte Mayo, CH


      Appointed A/Cpl with pay 18-04-02 vice/Cpl Beliveau casualty in action. (Authy FGH AFB & nbsp; 213d/18-04-06)
      552945 Pte Lawson, SO



      Returns to permanent grade of Pte on return to duty of Cpl Belliveau, 18-04-16. . (Authy FGH AFB 213 d/18-04-20)
      552945 Pte Lawson, SO

      Appointed A/Sgt with pay 18-04-15 vice Sgt Hamlin (Casualty) (Authy OC FGH AFB 213 18-04-27)
      552945 Pte Lawson, SO


      REVERSION

      Reverts to permanent grade of Pte on admission to hospital 18-04-20. (Authy /ACI 288 of 1917 and OC FGH AFB 213 d/18-01-24)
      552945 A/Sgt Lawson, SO


      Promoted Sgt 18-06-15 vice Sgt Nixon transferred to CLH. (Authy OC FGH AFB 213 d/18-06-22)
      552945 Pte Lawson, SO

      SOS & posted to CCRD Kinmel on proceeding to England on Comp grounds, 19-02-09. . (Authy AG Canadians AG 3B 2-1-2020 d/19-01-15 Ref OC Reinforcements Nom Roll 563 d/19-02-09 & KE 37973)
      552945 Sgt Lawson, SO

      The after mentioned soldiers have been awarded the Military Medal. (Authy London Gazette 31338 d/19-05-14)
      551921 Pte Anderson, J
      226057 Pte Bond, GR
      114806 L/Sgt Comber, R
      90 Cpl Hodgkinson, E
      117032 Sgt Keen, CR DCM
      15140 Pte Lawrence, R
      552945 Sgt Lawson, SO
      15319 Sgt Newton, I
      14519 Pte Stone, HE
      114883 Sgt Mayo, CH

      Source: Fort Garry Horse Museum (via Bob Bolton)
      http://www.fortgarryhorse.ca/phpweb/index.php
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson
    Attestation Paper p1/2

    Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force
    Stephen Oldacres lawson
    Stephen Oldacres lawson
    Attestation Paper p2/2
    Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force
    Occupation 27 Mar 1916 
    Chief Constable 
    Military 9 Oct 1918 
    Military Medal 
    • SOURCE: FORT GARRY HORSE REGIMENTALWEBSITE:
      MILITARYMEDAL Sgt. Steven Oldacres Lawson
      On 9 October 1918, in the attack on BOIS-DU- MONT-AUX-VILLE WOOD, Sgt Lawsonshowed great courage killing several of the enemy, also capturing 17 prisonerswith a small patrol which he rallied after the charge. Throughout, this NCOshowed splendid courage and devotion to duty.
    Died 21 Sep 1922  Coleman, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: Gun shot wounds 
    • Source: www.albertasource.ca

      At the time of his death from a gunshot wound, 41-year-old Stephen Lawson was a first-class constable with the Alberta Provincial Police (APP). He was a relatively new member of the force, having joined only six months earlier. He was by no means inexperienced, however, and had served as a police officer for over 10 years, most notably as the chief of police in both Macleod and Fernie, British Columbia. His police career was accompanied by three years of army life in the Fort Garry Horse and actions in WWI for which he received a medal for meritorious service.

      When he transferred to the Alberta Provincial Police in 1922, Lawson was assigned to “D” Division, which extended east and west from Lethbridge to the Saskatchewan and British Columbia and south to the United States border. Stationed in Coleman in the Crowsnest Pass, Lawson was in the APP district of Blairmore, home to Emilio Picariello and Florence Lassandro and one of the busiest for illegal liquor traffic.

      Lawson's previous police experience in the area was considered highly beneficial, and in a letter written by W.C. Bryan, Superintendent of the Alberta Provincial Police, Lawson was recommended to be “the ideal man for either Coleman or Bellevue . . . as he knows pretty nearly every bootlegger and crook running through the Pass.”

      A Masonic-military funeral for Lawson was held in Macleod on September 25, four days after he was shot outside his home in Coleman. Alongside his widow and five children, scores attended the service and in the town flags were flown at half-mast in tribute.


      Source: www.cannabisculture.com

      Born in England in 1880, Steven O. Lawson came to Canada in 1903, and went west in the spring of 1904. After trying his hand at ranching, he joined the Macleod police on May 7th, 1907, where he later became chief of police. At the outbreak of war, he enlisted and served overseas. On his discharge, he became police chief of Fernie in 1920 and served with that force until his enlistment in the Alberta Provincial Police on March 12th, 1922.

      He was stationed at Coleman, a little mining town west of Blairmore that straddled the main highway used by rumrunners. He was added to the APP as one of fifty men specifically placed to suppress the liquor traffic.

      As the story goes, on September 21, 1922, Lawson and his partner received a tip from a stool pigeon that a popular rumrunner named Emilio Picariello - AKA "Mr. Pick" - was going to Fernie for a load of liquor. Another anonymous tip let the APP know that Pick was returning with his load. Constable Lawson observed Pick and his crew going both directions.

      With Pick were his mechanic and his son. When they arrived at their hotel, some APP officers were waiting in ambush. The moment Pick was served with a search warrant, he sounded his horn and was off with his crew to go back across the BC border. Waiting in the middle of the road was Constable Lawson.

      Pick's son refused to stop for Lawson, so the Constable shot him - in the hand. Later that evening, Pick's son was arrested and held prisoner.

      Pick and Florence Lassandro, the wife of an associate, went to confront Lawson. They drove up to the police barracks in Coleman, and Steven Lawson approached them in their car. According to Lassandro's statement to the court, an argument ensued, which turned into a fight.

      Pick insisted that Lawson was going to accompany him to retrieve his son from jail. Lawson refused, claiming not to know where the boy was. Pick seized Lawson's gun in order to enforce his command. Lawson resisted. The gun went off several times. Lassandro panicked and shot Lawson. He died a few minutes later.

      Emilio Picariello and Florence Lassandro were tried, found guilty and executed on May 3rd, 1923. Florence Lassandro was the first and only woman to be executed in Alberta.

      http://www.odmp.org/canada/officer.php?oid=377
      The murder weapon is currently on the third floor of the Glenbow Museum in Calgary Alberta.
    Blairmore in Heart of the Pass
    Blairmore in Heart of the Pass
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Coleman Chief
    Coleman Chief
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    28/11/1922 p5
    FINAL EDITON (sic)
    FINAL EDITON (sic)
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    Great Indian Battle Fought In Crow's Nest Pass In 1850s
    Great Indian Battle Fought In Crow's Nest Pass In 1850s
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Local News, Twenty Years Ago
    Local News, Twenty Years Ago
    Lethbridge Herald
    Local News, twenty Years Ago
    Local News, twenty Years Ago
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Pay Tribute to Barrister
    Pay Tribute to Barrister
    The Lethbridge Herald
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    28/11/1922 p3
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    The Lethbridge Daily Herald
    28/11/1922 p1
    Thirty Years Ago
    Thirty Years Ago
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Thirty Years Ago
    Thirty Years Ago
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Toppano tells it like it was
    Toppano tells it like it was
    The Lethbridge Herald
    World Press Headlines News Stories From 'Pass
    World Press Headlines News Stories From 'Pass
    The Lethbridge Herald
    Buried Union Cemetery, Fort Macleod, Claresholm Census Division, Alberta, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Burial:
      Union Cemetery 
      Fort Macleod
      Claresholm Census Division
      Alberta, Canada
      Plot: A15 01BN
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Person ID I1478  1. Essex Ennevers
    Last Modified 21 Nov 2016 

    Father Basil Ranaldson LAWSON,   Born:  1847, Stapleton, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  1914, Lambeth District, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Mother Mary Crow OLDACRES,   Born:  Abt Dec 1840, Laughton, Leicestershire Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown 
    Married 4 Apr 1874  St Matthew's Church, Brixton, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family histories
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
Killed in the line of duty
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922) Killed in the line of duty
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Family ID F221  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family (spouse) Margaret Ray MACKENZIE,   Died:  Sep 1980, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1908 
    • There are believed to be 5 or 6 children of the marriage.
    Children 
    +1. Peggy LAWSON,   Born:  Abt 1909,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
    +2. Kathleen May LAWSON,   Born:  Abt 1910,   Died:  10 Aug 1983, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 73 years)
    +3. Dorothy Pearl LAWSON,   Born:  8 Jul 1913,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
    +4. Mary LAWSON,   Born:  Abt 1916,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
     5. Stephen LAWSON
     6. unknown LAWSON
    Family histories
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
Killed in the line of duty
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922) Killed in the line of duty
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Family ID F1107  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 8 Jun 1880 - Brixton, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 13 Oct 1880 - Parish Church, St Matthew, Brixton, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 13 Oct 1880 - 'Fairlight', The Avenue, Brixton, Surrey Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1881 - 8 The Avenue, Acre Lane, Lambeth, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1891 - 36 Gower Street, St Giles, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1901 - 8 The Avenue, Lambeth, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - 1903 - Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLiving - 27 Mar 1916 - Macleod, Alberta, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary - Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary Force - From 27 Mar 1916 to 1922 - Macleod, Alberta, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Cause: Gun shot wounds - 21 Sep 1922 - Coleman, Alberta, Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Union Cemetery, Fort Macleod, Claresholm Census Division, Alberta, Canada Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photographs
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Constable Stephen Lawson, Alberta Provincial Police, 1922.

    He is shown wearing the ribbon of the MM, the British War Medal and Allied Forces Victory Medal. As such, he would have the post-nominals MM behind his name on all official correspondence.
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Constable Stephen Lawson, Alberta Provincial Police, circa 1921.
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    Stephen Oldacres Lawson (1880-1922)
    The Scene of the Crime
    The Alberta Provincial Police office and residence of Constable Steve Lawson in Coleman, Alberta and location of September 21, 1922 shooting. This photograph was used in the court case as 'Exhibit 4'.

    Image copyright the Glenbow Museum, Art Gallery, Library and Archives


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