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Ennever & Enever family history & ancestry. Click here to return to the home page WJ Ennever (1869-1947). From the portrait by J Seymour R.A., exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Charles John PHIPPS, FSA

Charles John PHIPPS, FSA

Male 1835 - 1897  (62 years)

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  • Name Charles John PHIPPS 
    Suffix FSA 
    Nickname CJ 
    Born 1835  Charlcombe, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Occupation 1851 
    Solicitor's Articled Clerk 
    Census 1 Apr 1851  3 Spencers Belle Vue, Walcot, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1861 
    Architect 
    Census 1 Apr 1861  5 Paragon Buildings, St Michael, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1871 
    Architect 
    Census 1 Apr 1871  26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The family have a governess, 2 servants and a visitor, Esther Ford, probably a relative of Honnor.
    Occupation 1881 
    Architect 
    Census 1 Apr 1881  26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The family have 2 servants.
    Probate (Grant of) 22 Sep 1884 
    Granted probate on the estate of his mother 
    John Rashleigh Phipps & Elizabeth Ruth Phipps
    John Rashleigh Phipps & Elizabeth Ruth Phipps
    London Gazette 19/12/1884
    Occupation 5 Jul 1887 
    Architect 
    Occupation 1891 
    Architect 
    Census 1 Apr 1891  26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The family have 3 servants.
      Mildred Bush, a niece, is living with the family.
    Occupation 18 Oct 1893 
    Architect 
    Name
    (also known as)
    9 Jun 1896 
    Charles James Phipps 
    Died 25 May 1897  26 Mecklenburgh Square, Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 14 Aug 1897 
    Probate granted to Honnor Phipps, widow, 
    Charles John Phipps
    Charles John Phipps
    England & Wales, National Probate Calendar
    Buried Highgate Cemetery, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I11075  5. Somerset Ennevers(2)
    Last Modified 16 May 2012 

    Father John Rashleigh PHIPPS,   Born:  1800/1, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  19 May 1853, Bath District, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Ruth NEATE,   Born:  1810/1, Devizes, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  22 Jul 1884  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 24 Jun 1834  Charlcombe Church, Charlcombe, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • IGI records the marriage as on 25th June & bride as Elizabeth Ruth Neate, location as Charlton-Mackrell.
    John Rashleigh Phipps & Eliza Neate
    John Rashleigh Phipps & Eliza Neate
    Marriage notice in Bristol Mercury 28/6/1834
    Family ID F3173  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family (spouse) Honnor HICKS,   Born:  1837/8, Enborne, Berkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1860  Bath District, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Ethel Nora PHIPPS,   Born:  1 Nov 1860, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
     2. Henry PHIPPS,   Born:  1 Nov 1860, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
     3. Charles Eugene PHIPPS,   Born:  1861/2, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  1880, Pancras District, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 18 years)
     4. Ida Mary PHIPPS,   Born:  1863, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  10 Aug 1931, Chardonne, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     5. Alwyn Rashleigh PHIPPS,   Born:  1864, Bath, Somerset Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
     6. Mary Rashleigh PHIPPS,   Born:  1872/3, Mecklenburgh Square, Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location,   Died:  Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F7839  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1835 - Charlcombe, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1851 - 3 Spencers Belle Vue, Walcot, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1860 - Bath District, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1861 - 5 Paragon Buildings, St Michael, Bath, Somerset Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1871 - 26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1881 - 26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1 Apr 1891 - 26 Mecklenburgh Square, St Pancras, London Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 May 1897 - 26 Mecklenburgh Square, Middlesex Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Highgate Cemetery, London Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photographs
    Charles John Phipps
    Charles John Phipps
    Source: wikipedia

    Family histories
    Well-known family members
    Well-known family members
    All family members who I have found featured in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography or its Australian equivalent, Who's Who 2008 or with an obituary in The Times.

  • Notes 
    • Phipps, Charles John (1835–1897), architect, was born at Lansdowne, near Bath, the son of John Rashleigh Phipps and Elizabeth Ruth Neate. Educated locally at St Catherine's Hermitage, Bath, he was articled to James Wilson (d. 1900) and Thomas Fuller (1822–1898), an architectural partnership which had produced a wide range of designs. In 1857 a brief sketching tour on the continent was followed by the opening of his own practice in Bath, where he also received his first theatre design commission, a reconstruction (1863) of the Theatre Royal, originally designed by George Dance. Supported critically by Edward Godwin, and clearly fulfilling client needs, Phipps designed a further provincial theatre, the Theatre Royal, Nottingham (1865), before opening an office in London in 1866. Phipps had married Honor Hicks of Euborne, Berkshire, on 10 April 1860; they had four children, all born in Bath: Ethel (b. c.1861), Charles (b. c.1862), Alwyn Rashleigh (b. c.1865), and Ida (b. c.1867). The family moved to London in 1868 and lived at 26 Mecklenburgh Square, from where Phipps also practised until his death.

      Phipps's move to the capital coincided with a revival in the critical fortunes of the theatre. Although only sporadically involved with designs of the music hall type, Phipps can be regarded as the ‘establishment’ architect for the London theatre in the second half of the century. While contemporary enthusiasts are more aware of the work of Frank Matcham, it was actually Phipps who designed theatres for the leading stage figures of the West End, such as Squire and Marie Bancroft, for whom he reconstructed the Theatre Royal, Haymarket (1880); Richard D'Oyly Carte, for whom he built the Savoy (1881); Henry Irving, the Lyceum (1885); and Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Her Majesty's (1897). Phipps never employed an identifiable decorative style and the decoration of his various theatres responded to the vagaries of contemporary taste: Greek at the Queen's Theatre, Long Acre (1867), and Gothic at the Gaiety (1868). Early theatres employed a range of decorative figurative panels over the proscenium arch; those at the Gaiety Theatre (1868) were executed by Henry Stacy Marks. A particular characteristic of his theatre type was the use of a domestic-scaled lobby and front-of-house space. This reflected on the absence of development space and the commercial pressures of the British theatre, but it also managed to exude an atmosphere of ‘home’ admired by the theatre going public. Phipps's early London theatres developed an auditorium design which only marginally altered over the decades and involved the employment of various tiers with private boxes abutting the proscenium arch. Historically this design type can be traced back to the continental theatre and to a certain extent the Italian Opera House, Haymarket (reconstructed 1790–91 by M. Novosielski; 1816–18 by J. Nash and E. Repton; des., 1867; rebuilt, 1868–9; dem., except the Arcade, c.1895). But Phipps was never afforded the luxury of unlimited space, not to mention funds, in which to give exercise to his imagination. His expertise lay in two directions: his ability to have a theatre erected in a remarkably short time and his ability to accommodate the multifarious requirement of lobbies and backstage requirements in often cramped, ill-lit spaces. While none of his theatres reached the norms advocated by critics such as Sachs and Woodrow, the type was widely popular and his standard London plan was emulated throughout the United Kingdom; George Bernard Shaw, otherwise critical of his work, was full of praise for his last theatre, Her Majesty's, London. During the execution of this work, and while engaged with a further project, the Tivoli Theatre, Dover, Phipps developed a chill (he had for some time suffered from a combination of heart and kidney problems) and died of associated complications on 25 May 1897 at home at 26 Mecklenburgh Square. His funeral service took place at the church of St Alban the Martyr, Holborn, on Friday 28 May and his remains were interred in Highgate cemetery. He was survived by his wife.

      Hugh Maguire Sources  

      H. Maguire, ‘C. J. Phipps (1835–97) and nineteenth century theatre architecture (1863–97)’, PhD diss., U. Lond., 1990 · H. F. B. Maguire, ‘A view of the new Theatre Royal, Bristol’, Theatre Notebook, 42 (1988), 35–7 · D. Howard, London theatres and music halls, 1850–1950 (1970) · V. Glasstone, Victorian and Edwardian theatres: an architectural and social survey (1975) · E. O. Sachs and A. E. Woodrow, Modern opera houses and theatres, 3 vols. (1896–8) · CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1897)

      Archives  

      TNA: PRO, corresp., LC 1 |  Raymond Mander-Joe Mitchenson Theatre collection, London · University of Bristol, Theatre collection, Beerbohm Tree collection




      Likenesses  

      photograph, RIBA BAL · wood-engraving (after photograph by V. Haye), NPG

      Wealth at death  

      £10,292 1s. 9d.: probate, 14 Aug 1897, CGPLA Eng. & Wales

      Source: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography


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