Search
Last name:
First name:
Ennever & Enever family history & ancestry. Click here to return to the home page WJ Ennever (1869-1947). From the portrait by J Seymour R.A., exhibited in the Royal Academy.

Ennever family history FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

FAQ logo FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

This page is designed to help you make the best use of the information available on the web site.  Click on the "Show details " link to see the answers to the questions.  If you need further help please use the author link at the bottom of the page to contact me.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Q1 What is the privacy policy and terms of use for this website?  Show details

Privacy Policy

The primary objective of genealogy is to identify ancestors and descendants in a family tree, to collect information about them and to share this with family members. At a minimum, this information usually includes the individual's name and the date/location of their birth, marriage/s, and death. In order to support research by other genealogists, this data is often published on internet genealogy websites, such as this.  In many cases, the publication of this data on this site has led to family history discoveries that would have been impossible otherwise.

It would be preferable if we did not have to worry about personal data to try to prevent any misuse of information and the possibility of identity theft. However, the personal information that fraudsters normally need are full names and addresses, national insurance/social security numbers, dates and places of birth, employment data and bank or credit card account details.

This site makes very limited personal information available for any living individual.  This is limited to their name and the names of parents and this is not nearly sufficient to cause any financial damage.  If it is not known if an individual is living or not, no additional personal information is made available until people are known to be 100 years old. This and other security measures taken complies with the provisions of the UK 1998 Data Protection Act (DPA).

If you remain concerned about your name being published please use the link below to contact me and I will change your given name to "Living" so that you are no longer identifiable.

Terms of Use Policy

By using this site, you agree to the following terms of use:

  • this website is for the personal use of the family members listed. Use by others is limited to the purpose of genealogical research. The content of this site can not be used for any commercial purposes. 
  • family members must not share their user name and password with anyone except their current spouse and minor children. They also agree not to share personal data of family members accessible through use of that password without the express permission of the individuals concerned.
  • biographies, photographs and documents etc may be copied by family members for their personal use. General distribution (including use on other websites) is prohibited by copyright law unless permission is obtained from the site owner.  You agree to give appropriate credit for any material from this website that you use in a written document, genealogical database or website of your own. You agree to include a link to my site on any genealogical web page of yours that makes use of the content on this site. 
  • my best efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the data although some will have been collected from other researchers and may not have always been fully validated. I always try to carry out high quality research but I can make no claims as to the complete accuracy of the data and you should validate it yourself before use. I also try to acknowledge my sources wherever possible so you can discover where I have obtained information from. If you do find any errors or omissions please contact me via the author link below or from the home page and I will update the site. 

The information on this site is intended to be freely used by researchers for personal, non-commercial use only, subject to appropriate credit being given when used.

Back to top

Q2 How do I get an overview of the families on the site?   Show details

The following are the main branches of Ennever, Enever and Ennevor and related families currently on the site.  It is probable that they are all linked and although we haven't proved this yet we are still looking for the evidence. You can navigate to the "head" of each branch or see statistics relating to these branches by clicking the links below:

  • Branch 1 The "Essex" Ennevers is a large group of Ennevers originating in Essex and dating back to the mid-16th century, many of whom later moved to London during the Victorian period of industrialisation.  This branch includes John Ennever, who divorced his wife by Act of Parliament in 1753, the pianoforte makers, the founder of the Pelman Institute and Pelmanism, W J Ennever and many of the name change Ennevers we have identified (including Ennever to Hannaway).  This branch also includes most of the American Ennevers.

    The "Somerset" Ennevers & "Essex3" Enevers is a combination of Somerset Ennevers and Essex Enevers, which because of interlinking marriages has 3 "heads". The Somerset branch includes the infamous Joseph Ennever, who was executed for passing forged bank notes, and a successful branch of the family descended from Joseph's brother George, who was transported to Australia, also for passing forged notes.  It includes a branch of the family who changed their names to Eniver early in the 20th century.  These two branches are linked by the marriage of William Thomas Enever to Margaret Penfold.

    The "Essex3" Enevers is a group of Essex/Hertfordshire/Middlesex Enevers who were living in the Stanford Rivers and Waltham Holy Cross areas of Essex/Hertfordshire from the 17th century and later in Loughton, Essex and North London (then Middlesex).   They include branches who later emigrated to the USA and Canada and it includes a marriage between Enevers, hence this branch has two "Essex" Enever "heads". Also included is a branch which emigrated to Queensland, Australia in the late 19th century and a link to Branch 9 is also likely (see below). This branch has a link to Sir Winston Churchill by the marriage of his cousin, Lionel Leslie, to Barbara Enever.

  • It is thought that the Essex and Somerset Ennever branches are descended from the same family line but rather bizarrely they are linked by the marriage of Alfred Richard Britten and Emma Enever. Alfred was the nephew of Samuel Langwith and Mary Ann Britten, while Samuel's brother, Charles, whose spouse was Sarah Jane Parker/Langwith (also known as Henrietta Thomers Jane Parker) who married into the Essex Ennevers.

    The "Essex1" Enevers is a group of Essex Enevers, born in South Weald, and almost certainly descended from the "main" Essex branch.  The second and later generations of this branch moved to various parts of the UK including London, Uxbridge (Middlesex), Buckinghamshire & Nottinghamshire and one branch emigrated to Australia and includes links to the infamous Edward 'Ned' Kelly. I have traced this Essex branch back to the late 18th century but more work remains to be done to discover earlier generations. They are linked to the main "Essex" Ennevers by the marriage of Herbert Burton to Aileen Rainbird in 1925. Herbert is descended from William Enever and Aileen is linked to the "Essex1" Enever branch by the marriage of her great aunt, Ellen Rainbird to Robert Ennever, who emigrated with their family to Australia in 1862.

    The Suffolk Enefers are probably descended from one of the Essex branches of the family but are linked by the marriage in 1943 of Peggy Pamment, who is descended from John Enever of the Essex3 Enevers, to Philip Victor Deeks who is descended from the Suffolk Enefers.

    You can see a diagram of these connections below:

    Key Somerset Ennevers   Key Essex3 Enevers   Key Essex Ennevers   Key Essex1 Enevers   Key Suffolk Enefers  
    JE Jonathan Ennever RI Roger Innivere WE3 William Enever RE1 Robert Enever WE4 William Enefer
    EME Elizabeth Mary Ennever AW Anne Wood MAB Mary Ann Britten RE2 Robert Ennever PMP Peggy M Pamment
    EHA Edward Henry Allen JE1 John Enever SL Samuel Langwith ER Ellen Rainbird PVD Philip Victor Deeks
    MSA Mary Selina Allen LE Lionel Enever EL Edmund Langwith DR Daniel Rainbird
    GG George Garlick JE2 John Enever CL Charles Langwith AR Aileen Rainbird
    JPG Jessie Patricia Garlick WE1 William Enever SJP Sarah Jane Parker FE Fanny Enever
    AP Alfred Penfold AB Agnes Braggens JSL Jane Sarah Langwith HB Herbert Burton
    MS Mary Streatfield JE3 John Enever JHM John Henry Moralee
    JCK1 John Cowley Knott WE2 William Enever CHM Charles Harvey Moralee
    PP Priscilla Penfold WE3 William Enever DFE Dorothy Frances Ennever
    MP Margaret Penfold RB Robert Britten
    JPK James Penfold Knott JH Jane Hebburn
    JCK2 John Cowley Knott TB Thomas Britten
    EER Ellen Elizabeth Roberts
    WTE William Thomas Enever
    EE Emma Enever
    ARB Alfred Richard Britten
    JI John Innever
    FI Francis Innever
    SE Sarah Enever


  • Branch 2 The "East End" Ennevers is from the East End of London and is almost certainly linked to the "Essex" branch and includes the well-documented bigamous marriages, several branches of the family now living in Australia and the family who changed their names from Ennever to Collins to reflect the name of their natural father as well as a family making a late spelling change to Enever.

  • Branch 3 The "Jamaican" Ennevers and Ennevors is a Jamaican Ennever and Ennevor family group some of whom arrived back in the UK in the 1950s while others emigrated to the USA, Canada and Switzerland.  Because of the close links between the port of Bristol and Jamaica it is probable that this family group is descended from one of the two branches of Somerset Ennevers, with Joseph Ennever being a likely candidate. The first generation Jamaicans are all given Christian names used within his family and he disappears from the Bath area.

  • Branch 4 The "New York" Ennevers is an American group descended from a John Ennever who was born in New York in about 1813/4. At the moment his ancestry and date of arrival in the USA are unknown.

  • Branch 5 The "Somerset2" Ennevers is a second group of Somerset Ennevers who are undoubtedly connected to the previous Somerset family.  The earliest known members of the two branches were both born in Walcot, near Bath, in Somerset but so far we have been unable to confirm the connection.

  • Branch 6 The "Essex2" Ennevers is a second group of Essex Ennevers, born in and around Upminster, and almost certainly connected to the "main" Essex branch above.

  • Branch 7 The "Essex2" Enevers is also a group of Essex Enevers and almost certainly connected to the "main" Essex branch above.  They include a branch which emigrated to Australia in the late 19th century and a link to Branch 2 ('Essex 3' Enevers) is possible (see below). More work remains to be done on the detailed ancestry of this branch.

  • Branch 8 The "Essex4" Enevers is another group of Essex/Middlesex Enevers and again almost certainly connected to the "main" Essex branch above.  They were living in Barnet and later North London (then Middlesex) in the early 19th century. They include several families who emigrated to Western Australia in the late 19th century. Again, more work remains to be done on the detailed ancestry of this branch.

  • Branch 9 The "Essex5" Enevers is another branch of Essex Enevers and again almost certainly connected to the "main" Essex branch above.  They descend from Edward Enever born c1796 in Essex, who had 10 children although his parents and place of birth are currently unknown. It is thought that there are living descendants although no living Enevers are known.

There are interesting links between some of these branches in that:

  1. Frederick Ennever and Thomas White were both living at 11B Grove Street, Islington at the time of the 1891 survey.  Frederick is descended from the "Somerset" branch of the Ennevers while Thomas was the son of Eliza Mary Ann Ennever's second marriage, to Charles Henry White, Eliza being descended from the "Essex" Ennevers.  The census suggests that they were living separately, albeit in the same house, although it is hard to imagine that they did not discuss the fact that Thomas's mother had the same surname as Frederick, who was sharing the house.

  2. Two Enever families are living in the same district near Brisbane, Queensland, Australia in the early 1900s. Thomas William Enever and his family and Charles Edward Augustus Enever and his family were all in the district of Bulimba. Although they appear to come from different branches of the Enever family it is possible that they are related as they both emigrated in the mid-1880s and can later be found living a very short distance from each other.

  3. Similarly, two apparently unconnected Enever branches are both living in Wavell Heights in Queensland in the 1960s. Phillip Enever and George John Lettsome Enever are descended from the 'Essex2 Enevers' and the main Ennever branch and their respective families also both emigrated to Australia in the 1880s.

You can also try looking at all the surnames in the database if you don’t have a clear picture of who you’re looking for or can search for any surname or first name using the "Search" boxes found on this and most pages. If you are still unable to find who you are looking for, try using the "Advanced Search" option and use the 'Name (also known as)' in 'Other Search Criteria'.

If you find the name you are interested in, the following provides a very useful summary of an individual's ancestors.  Having selected the individual you are interested in, click "Ancestors" and then "Media" and you will get a screen similar to the one below.

See Q3 if you need further information on searching for your ancestors.

Media example
nb living ancestors are not shown.  Back to top

Q3 How do I find the person I’m looking for?   Show details

There are a number of ways to find people in the family trees, but the "Search" function found on this and most pages provides the most straight-forward method.  Simply enter the Last name and/or First name you are looking for, click the "Search" button and you will be presented with all names that match (note that searches for Ann will find Ann, Anne, Fanny, Danny etc).  Click the name you are interested in and you will be presented with a screen similar to that shown below. 

Ancestor page

Finding female married ancestors

If you are looking to find a female ancestor but only know her married name you can use the "Married last name" search box and enter a married name and, if you know it, your ancestor's first name (the search below finds several May's who married Ennevers, including May Sabina Hill, who married Walter George Ennever):

Married name search

As all names are recorded as birth names if you are looking for a female family member who married you can also search using their maiden name if you know it.  This search will also find May Sabina Hill, who married Walter George Ennever:

Married name search

Advanced search options

The advanced search form allows you to enter other information about the individual you’re looking for and presents you with a list of possible matches from the database.  Advanced searches can use "containing" ie searches for Ann will find Ann, Anne, Fanny, Danny etc or "equals" ie searches for Ann will only find Ann or "starts with" ie searches for Ann will find Ann, Anne, Annabel etc.  

You might also want to try looking at all the surnames in the database if you don’t have a clear picture of who you’re looking for or are unsure of the particular spelling your ancestor may have been known by.  

You can also search by placename or address if you know it.  To do this click the "Places" link in the "FIND" group or click here and select the country or county and then districts/streets etc to see who was born, married, lived or died there.  Note that the addresses recorded are those at the time of the event eg Bethnal Green was in the county of Middlesex until the late 19th century after which it was part of London.  Many other towns and districts will have been in different counties at some time in their past.  If in doubt search only for a street or area or try the "Show all places containing" search facility.  Back to top

Q4 How do I find an individual’s ancestors?   Show details

Once you locate an individual, the easiest method is to click the "Ancestors" tab. This will show you a graphical display of both the paternal and maternal ancestors (see below).

Ancestor image

Once you have the ancestor chart displayed (as example above), you can click on the arrows located at the far right ancestors if you want to see additional ancestors. There are a number of formats for you to choose from (Standard, Compact, Box, Text, Ahnentafel, and Media) to display ancestors.  Try clicking on the various options and see which one works best for you.  The facility also shown in Q2 also provides a very useful summary of an individual's ancestors.

If you want to see more information about any individual shown in the ancestor chart click on their name and you will then be shown their parents and any spouses and children.  Back to top

Q5 How do I find an individual’s descendants?   Show details

Find the individual you are interested in as shown in Q2.  The tab marked "Descendants" can then be used to display all the descendants of that individual. There are several different formats in which descendants can be displayed including Standard, Compact, Text and Register.  As the names suggest, some of these are a graphic format and others are text.  You can switch between them to display the information in the way that suits you best.

You can also display a graph of the link between two ancestors.  In the example below you can see the direct links between me and my grandfather, Walter George Ennever:

Ancestor link

To do this, select the "Text" or "Register" option from the "Descendants" tab of the person you want to link to (in this case, my grandfather) and then click the chart icon (see below) next to the person you want to link from.

Chart link
Back to top

Q6 Is there a way to tell if two individuals are related?   Show details

Yes.  The "Relationship" tab will tell you if two people are related.  If they are, it can then show a graphic display of all the people linking the two relatives.  To use this function, locate the first individual and then click the "Relationship" tab.  Then use the find button to locate the second relative.  Once you have the two people selected click the "Calculate" button to display their relationship.  See example below.

Relationship image
Back to top

Q7 Why are different spellings used in family surnames?   Show details

Many family surnames have been corrupted over the centuries by the unknowing efforts of vicars and ministers of the 17th and 18th centuries and even the registrars of the 19th century. This is because many families were illiterate until as late as the early 20th century and the registrars or ministers of the day would attempt to spell the names they heard, often phonetically, so that different spellings of surnames and even given or first names can be found within the same family.   It is therefore sometimes impossible to tell the original form of a name and its true origins.

Wherever possible I record the name as it was spelt on the original record, in most cases the birth or christening/baptism.  In the UK, for instance, before the 1st July 1837 the Church was responsible for all birth, marriage & burial/death records and from the 1st July 1837 the State became responsible.  Where an individual or a family used a different spelling later in their life this is normally recorded as an alternative spelling and can be found within an individual's record eg see here for an example.

You can try looking at all the surnames in the database if you don’t have a clear picture of who you’re looking for or can search for any surname or first name using the "Search" boxes found on this and most pages. If you are still unable to find who you are looking for, try using the "Advanced Search" option and use the 'Name (also known as)' in 'Other Search Criteria'.

Back to top
Q8 Am I able to print family reports?   Show details

Yes.  Select the individual you are interested in (see Q3 if you are not familiar with this) and then when you select the individual's "Personal Information", "Ancestors" or "Descendants" tab there is a "PDF" tab available.  Clicking this will enable you to create your own printable report of the individual, or his or her ancestors or descendants (see below).  To print PDF files you will require Adobe Reader which is found on most computers but is also available here

PDF imageBack to top

Q9 If there is a mistake in the information can I correct it?   Show details

Please do send me any corrections that need to be made.  Genealogy is not always a precise science and while I do try to verify all the information I make available it is always possible that I have made mistakes.  A "Suggestion" tab is available on any individual's page and allows you to send me corrections, updates, comments or any other information you think may be relevant.  The name of the individual you are commenting on is automatically attached to the message when you make a suggestion using this tab. 

I will then take your suggestion, contact you if there are any queries and update the database as soon as possible (these updates usually occur about every 2 weeks).

If you have a lot information about one family you may this form more useful.  It allows you to provide names, dates, children, parent and spouse information in one form which can then be sent direct to me.  Back to top

Q10 If there is information missing can I provide it?   Show details

Use the method explained in Q9 and additions will be made in the same way.

If you have a lot information about one family you may find this form more useful.  It allows you to provide names, dates, children, parent and spouse information in one form which can then be sent direct to me.  Back to top

Q11 Why are copies of census returns only included for the 1911 UK census?   Show details

The original household schedules have survived only from the 1911 UK census, while all forms from earlier censuses were completed by the census enumerator from information provided either in writing or verbally by the householder.  The 1911 census therefore is the first from which you can see your ancestor’s own handwriting and signature.

The falling birth rate, large numbers of people emigrating, and the reportedly poor health of the nation gave the government cause for concern in 1911. A large healthy workforce was needed for Britain to continue to develop as an industrialised nation, and these concerns prompted the government to include questions on 'fertility in marriage' in the 1911 census. The family were asked to state the 'years the present marriage has lasted', the number of children born alive to the present marriage (not just those who were living in the house) and how many had died. This is of particular interest to the family historian, because it can alert us to the existence of children who had died, as well as children who were away from the family home at the time of the census. Back to top

Q12 Is there a way to print the information displayed without all the headers and icons?   Show details

Yes, just click on the "Printer-friendly" link located above the control tabs. A format that is simplified for printing is presented in a pop-up window and you can then use the <<Print>> link to print the page to your printer.  Back to top

Q13 What are the four drop down boxes that are located on the upper right of most pages?   Show details

These drop-down menus let you access all the information that is contained on the site and they are equivalent to all the links available in the left-hand menu.   If you hover your mouse pointer over each you will be able to see the detailed information that is available on the site.  Back to top

Q14 Why am I unable to see any information about living people?   Show details

Although facts about living people are not generally subject to Data Protection legislation because most are obtained from publicly available sources, I prefer to protect people's privacy and not make such information readily available.  If it is not known whether an individual is still living, no personal information, photographs or other documents are displayed unless they are thought to be over 100 years old.

Most of the information on this site has been compiled from publicly available sources either by myself or others.  These sources include:

  • Birth, Baptism, Marriage, Death and Burial indexes and certificates (UK and elsewhere)
  • Census returns (UK, USA and others)
  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission (for casualties of World Wars)
  • Emigration and Immigration records
  • Newspapers (The Times archives, Sydney Morning Herald archives, The London Gazette etc)
  • Telephone directories (UK, USA and others)
  • Other directories (Voter registration etc)

This site makes very limited personal information available for any living individual.  This is limited to their name and the names of parents and this is not nearly sufficient to cause any financial damage.  If it is not known if an individual is living or not, no additional personal information is made available until they are believed to be 100 years old. I understand that this, and other security measures taken, complies with the provisions of the 1998 Data Protection Act (DPA).

You can register for a user account if you would like to see information about living individuals but you will normally only be able to view individuals in your own immediate family branch. 

See also Q1 above about privacy of information.   Back to top

Q15 What options does the "Login" facility offer?   Show details

Having a login to the site will enable you to see information about living people but normally only in your immediate branch of the family.  To request a user account please click hereBack to top

Q16 Why are some dates before 1753 shown with two years eg 14 Mar 1745/6 (known as double dating)?   Show details

A calendar has been used over the centuries in nearly every civilisation. Its purpose is to provide a method of measuring time and to allow man to record and calculate dates and events. The calendar has changed dramatically over the years and family historians who research early records will know that even as recently as the 1750s, the calendar was different. A basic knowledge of the 1752 calendar changes will help with family history research.

The Julian Calendar

To better understand the 1752 calendar change, it is beneficial to review the history of major calendars that led up to it, starting with the Romans. Following the advice of his astronomer and mathematician, Julius Caesar established a calendar in 45 B.C. This calendar is known as the Julian or Old Style (O.S.) calendar. It had three common years containing 365 days, and one year (leap year) containing 366 days (every fourth year). This twelve-month calendar, based on a solar (tropical) year, served for many years in a perpetual cycle.

Under this calendar, the first day of the year was March 25th (often known as Lady Day, Annunciation Day, or Feast of the Annunciation), and the last day of the year was March 24th. March was therefore considered the first month of the year.

Examples of dates from the Julian Calendar

7ber VIIber September 7th month
8ber VIIIber October 8th month
9ber IXber November 9th month
10ber Xber December 10th month

The change from March being the first month to January explains why the modern month names appear to be out of sych with our current month numbers eg September is now the 9th and no longer the 7th month and December is now the 12th month, not the 10th.

The Gregorian Calendar

During the Middle Ages, astronomers and mathematicians observed that the calendar year was not completely accurate with matching solar years. Errors in the Julian calendar were noted by church officials and scholars because church holidays did not occur in their appropriate seasons.

In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII (1502-85), who was pope from 1572 to 1585, and his astronomer and mathematician created a new, reformed calendar known as the Gregorian or New Style (N.S.) calendar. It was adopted first in Roman Catholic countries. Protestant countries adopted the calendar during the eighteenth century. In order to make the calendar adjustment in 1582, ten days were eliminated from October. Thus 4 October 1582 was followed by 15 October 1582.

England and its American colonies did not adopt the reformed Gregorian calendar until 1752. Scotland adopted it earlier, celebrating the New Year on 1 January 1600 and subsequently on January 1st of each year. Interestingly, Alaska did not change from the Julian calendar to the New Style Gregorian calendar until 1867 because, up to that point, it was part of Russia.

In order to make the calendar adjustment, eleven days were dropped from the month of September 1752. An eleven-day adjustment in 1752 was needed because one more day had been lost since the calendar was changed in 1582. The year 1751 began on 25 March and ended on 31 December 1751. The first day of the year was now January 1st and the last day was December 31st - the calendar we use today. Thus, 2 September 1752 was followed by 14 September 1752. In this way, the Julian calendar added one day between 1582 and 1752.

Summary of the 1752 Calendar Change

  • 31 December 1750 was followed by 1 January 1750
  • 24 March 1750 was followed by 25 March 1751
  • 31 December 1751 was followed by 1 January 1752
  • 2 September 1752 was followed by 14 September 1752
  • 31 December 1752 was followed by 1 January 1753

Our eighteenth-century ancestors went to bed on Wednesday, September 2nd and woke up on Thursday, September 14th. What would have been September 3rd was actually September 14th in the year 1752. They lost those eleven days from their lives, September 1752 having only nineteen days.

Other countries adopted the Gregorian calendar at different times. The standard reference source for a discussion of the 1752 calendar change is Handbook of Dates for Students of English History. It includes a list of rulers of England, Saints' days and festivals used in dating, legal chronology, the Roman calendar, and other calendar details. Further information and a chart showing dates of changes from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar in countries outside the British Empire can be found on wikipedia.

Double Dating

Double dating was used in Great Britain, colonial British America, and British possessions to clarify dates occurring between 1 January and 24 March on years between 1582 and 1752. In the ecclesiastical or legal calendar, March 25th was recognised as the first day of the year and was not double dated.

Researchers of early ancestors will often see double dating in records. Double dates were identified with a slash mark (/) representing the Old and New Style calendars, e.g., 1690/1691. Even before 1752 educated clerks knew of the calendar change in Europe and used double dating to distinguish between the calendars. This was especially true in civil records, but less so in church registers.

The UK's rather odd tax year

The conversion to the Gregorian calendar also explains why the UK has a tax year starting on the 6th April and ending on the 5th April. Until 1752 the tax year in Great Britain started on 25th March, the old New Year's Day. In order to ensure no loss of tax revenue, the Treasury resolved that the taxation year which started on 25th March 1752 would be of the usual length (365 days) and therefore it would end on 4th April, the following tax year beginning on 5th April 1800 was not a leap year in the new calendar but would have been in the old Julian system. Therefore the Treasury moved their year start from 5th to 6th of April. After this, logic prevailed and this date has remained unchanged ever since.

Courtesy www.ancestry.com and others   Back to top

The Gwaun Valley in Pembrokeshire

The children of the Gwaun Valley still celebrate Hen Galan, or old New Year, based on the ancient Julian calendar ie on 13th January every year.  The people of the valley near Fishguard in Pembrokeshire have ignored the calendar change and carried on regardless for centuries. In keeping with tradition, children from the valley walk from house to house and sing traditional songs in Welsh which have not altered for centuries. In return, householders shower them with sweets and money - or "calennig", literally "New Year gift or celebration".

Back to top

Q17 How can I make contact with other family members?   Show details

If there are any family members you would like to make contact with please ask me by using one of the "Contact" email links. If I have any information that may be helpful I will make contact with the person and seek their permission. If they agree I will pass on their details but please note that I do not divulge anyone's email address or any other personal information without their specific permission.  Back to top


Author:  Barry Ennever

Copyright © Barry Ennever 2006-2017. All rights reserved. Information provided for personal use only (click here for terms of use/privacy policy).
Site powered by TNG, hosted by TSO.  See home page for site update information.